Phelps & Servin Phelps Family in America reprints now available
Save $201. Archival Quality Reprints of the 1899 Phelps Family in America family history are now available.

Julia F Claggett 1876

Commission of Claims from Civil War

Julia Francis (Sanford) Claggett was the widow of Samuel Claggett, who had died in1 1846. In 1857, her cousin L. M. Sanford of Carroll Parish, Louisiana died and left her his plantation, worth about $30,000, or about $854,000 as of 2021.

She sold the plantation and received $8,000 in cash plus bonds. She bought a a 271 acre farm in New Baltimore, Virginia, 4 ½ miles north of Culpepper, at 33 dollars an acre, for $9,000. She paid $3,000 up front. She also bought a second farm named Dodd's Mill for her sister Ann and her husband Craven King 2 ½ miles north in Haymarket. She secured possession of the farm in January 1860. She used the remainder of the $8,000 to purchase stock and supplies for her farm.

In the 1860 census, Julia's personal property was valued at $19,635 (about  $558,725 in 2021) and real property at $8,190 ($233,051 in 2021). New Baltimore lay astride the Warrenton - Alexandria Turnpike, the major road connecting northern Virginia to Alexandria and Washington D.C.

When the war broke out, Julia was beside herself and suffered a stroke. "At the beginning of secession she took the side of the Union and, according to her own statement, the paralysis that came upon her in 1861 and has lasted ever since, was caused by the trouble that secession caused her mentally."

Her son's Randolph Claggett's obituary reported, "Their house was near the scene of the first battle of Bull Run, and many times the armies of both the north and the south were encamped on their farm."

The second brigade of the first division of the sixth army corps commanded by Gen. Joseph Jackson Bartlett camped on her farm from July 31 until September 15, 1863.

The entire farm—hay, corn, oats, wheat, cows, horses, pigs, even the barn and fencing—were requisitoned without compensation by Union and Confederate forces during the Civil War. The barn planks were used to construct tent platforms. The wooden fence posts and rails were used for firewood; the stone fence for chimneys and repairing roads. Troops cut down an old growth forest as fuel for their fires, "40 acres were timbered, chiefly with white oak and chestnut." "The timbered land was valued at $100. per acre before the war. It was large and standing thick on the ground."

After the Civil War ended, Congress established the Commissioners of Claims on March 31, 1871 that allowed Southern Loyalists who had often involuntarily "furnished stores and supplies for the use of the U.S. Army" during the Civil War to seek compensation. (For details, read the full transcript.)

# 10523

Claim of Julia F Claggett of Prince William County State of Virginia

Submitted December 20, 1875.

No Description Amount
1 1700 cords wood at $2 $3,400.00 $1,200.00 $2,200.00
2 1 Barn, $500.00 $75.00 $425.00 -
3 60 bushels wheat, $2 $120.00 $60.00 $60.00
4 25 tons hay, $15 $345.00 $250.00 $125.00
5 Six harnesses, $50 $50.00 - -
6 150 bushels oats, 50 cents $50.00 $50.00 -
7 Six horses, $150 $900.00 $600.00 $300.00
8 40 hogs, $5 $200.00 $50.00 $150.00
9 26 fat cattle, $25 $650.00 $250.00 $400.00
10 3 tons hay, $10 $30.00 $30.00 -
11 1000 lb bacon, 18 3/4 cents $120.00 $67.50 $184.50
12 500 bushels corn, $1 $500.00 $100.00 $400.00
13 2000 panels fencing, 120 cents $306.00 $54.00 $360.00
    $7,322.50 $3,091.00 $4,231.50

The claimant is a widow, 69 years old, whose husband a soldier of the war of 1812, died in 1846. At the beginning of succession she took the side of the Union and, according to her statement, the paralysis that came upon her in 1861 and has lasted ever since, was caused by the trouble that succession caused her mentally. One son and two step-sons were resident in Illinois and were unionist, the other son resided with the claimant and was conscriptable, but evaded service by dodging the officers and parties who sought to take him.

The claimant herself aided in these escapes, sometimes by locking him up in a wardrobe and at others by supplying him while laying out in the woods. Considerable property was taken by the Confederates from the claimant and no pay tendered which was not the usual treatment according to Confederate sympathizers. The claimant's reputation and the neighborhood was that of a sympathizer with the Union cause, and when her house had been fired into and somewhat improved by the Confederates in an attempt to capture a Union general quartered in the house, one of her neighbors, spoken with on the subject, said that it made no difference how much damage was done to claimant, and she was not in sympathy with them.

Two officers of the Union army have testified very explicitly as to the cordial relations existing between the officers and men of the army and the claimant’s family, that the family was reported and treated as Union family that the army was differently treated by this family than by most of the residents of that County and that guards and protection were footed the family in consequence of their loyal behavior and reputation. They claimant has declared upon oath her devotion to the union cause throughout. She is bedridden, exceedingly feeble, and talks with great difficulty, so that her testimony is not as full as it might be, but there is plenty of evidence to support the finding now made, that she was a loyal adherent of the Union cause during the war.

Previous to 1860, the claimant was very poor, but in that year she came into a legacy of some $30,000 [or about $854,000 as of 2021] from a relative [her cousin L. M. Sanford] in Louisiana. She got $8,000 cash, and out of it bought and stocked and put in fine order a farm of 273 acres, on which the present claim arises. The farm was in Fauquier County; 40 acres were timbered, chiefly with white oak and Chestnut of original growth, the former proprietor having carefully preserved the woodland from cutting and trespassing. Claimant's testimony as to the account in general is very satisfactory, with the usual discrepancies as to quantities and other details usual in such cases where witnesses are not drilled before testifying.

Item 1, we allow for 40 acres timber.
Item 2, we allow for planking and flooring of barn taken to build quarters.
Item three and four we allow for quantities charged.
Item 5 we disallow, no army use being shown.
Item 6 and 10, we allow as charged, respecting quantity.
Item 7, Two horses taken for artillery and the other four by Kilpatrick's Calvary on two different occasions in 1864.
Items 8 and 9, hogs and cattle; evidently some taken necessarily and properly but rest were depredation, and we make the best discrimination possible in allowing for a smaller part and if any change were made it would be to disallow entirely.
Item 11, bacon, taking an 1864, consider the amount somewhat overestimated.
Item 12, corn we allow for corn in stock, but the roasting ear crop evidently plundered by the troops.
Item 13, fencing; testimony somewhat obscure and conflicting, but we settle on 1700 panels has the best estimate made from the most reliable evidence. The farm cost $9,000, besides the stock.

We allow in all the sum of Thirty hundred and ninety-one dollars.

A O Aldis.

Drange Ferrichs

I B Honell

Commissioner of Claims.