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Civil War in Northern Virginia

Brandy Station November 1863

During the Civil War, The Battle of Brandy Station was the largest predominantly cavalry battle ever fought on the North American continent. Of the 20,000 soldiers involved, about 17,000 were mounted calvary. Brandy Station was also the first battle of the war's most famous campaign—Gettysburg.

At dawn June 9, the Union cavalry corps under Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton launched a surprise attack on Stuart's cavalry at Brandy Station. After an all-day fight in which fortunes changed repeatedly, the Federals retired without discovering Lee's infantry camped near Culpeper.

This battle marked the apogee of the Confederate cavalry in the East. From this point in the war, the Federal cavalry gained strength and confidence. Brandy Station was the largest cavalry battle of the war and the opening engagement of the Gettysburg Campaign.

Brandy Station is currently located about six miles northeast of the county seat of Culpeper, Virginia on State Route 29.

Other Civil War Regiments from Fauquier County:

  • Black Horse Brigade (Troop) Company H,
  • Fourth Brigade, Fourth Virginia Cavalry Warrenton Rifles,
  • Company K, 17th Va. Infantry Regiment
  • Mosby Regiment (Rangers)
  • Partisan Rangers Hunton's Horse Troop (Brigade)
  • Piedmont Rifles Company B, Eighth Regiment
  • Kemper's Brigade
  • Beauregard Rifles Company I
  • Eleventh Regiment, Brooke's Battery Battery A,
  • 12th Battalion, Mountain Rangers (General Asbhy)
  • Company A, Seventh Regiment
  • Virginia Cavalry Fauquier Artillery, Wise's Dragons
  • 6th Regiment, Cavalry Brigade

Brandy Station is located about six miles northeast of Culpepper, Virginia on State Route 29.

Brandy Station Union Camp, June 8, 1863

For more information, see The Battle of Brandy Station