The Trial of Charles I
- The King sitting in a large Elbow Chair covered with Crimson Velvet.
- The Lord President Bradshaw. [Younger son of a minor gentry family
from Cheshire. Educated at Gray's Inn and appointed Chief Justice of
Cheshire and North Wales in 1647. With some reluctance, he accepted
the office of President of the High Court of Justice when other prominent
lawyers and magistrates declined. Bradshaw presided over the King's
trial and pronounced the sentence of death. He was richly rewarded
with lands and property. Appointed first president of the Council of
State 1649, but he opposed Cromwell's moves towards personal power
and was almost alone in protesting at Cromwell's dissolution of the
Rump 1653, for which he lost his office of Chief Justice for Cheshire.
Bradshaw died in October 1659 and was buried in Westminster Abbey.
His body was exhumed after the Restoration and hung in chains at Tyburn.
- John Lisle, sitting on the right hand of the Lord President. [Younger
son of a knight in the Isle of Wight, educated at Oxford and the Middle
Temple. Married the daughter of Lord Chief Justice Hobart, then on
her death married another rich heiress (who as Alice Lisle became a
famous martyr for aiding the rebels in Monmouth's Rebellion). MP for
Winchester during the Short and Long Parliaments and active in the
creation of the Committee for Both Kingdoms. Lisle was one of Bradshaw's
assistants at the King's trial but not a signatory of the death warrant.
Later appointed a commissioner of the Great Seal and a member of the
Council of State. Escaped to Switzerland at the Restoration where he
was murdered in 1664 by an Irish Royalist.]
- William Say, sitting on the left hand of the Lord President. [Educated
at Oxford and the Middle Temple, acquired the sequestered estates of
Lord Abergavenny during the Civil Wars. Acted as temporary president
of the High Court of Justice before the arrival of John Bradshaw and
assisted him during the trial. Drafted the King's death warrant and
reported the proceedings to Parliament. Escaped to Holland at the Restoration.]
- Andrew Broughton, one of the two clerks appointed to attend the court.
[Clerk of the High Court of Justice. Escaped to Switzerland where
he died 1688. ]
- John Phelps, the second clerk appointed to attend the Court,
being seated at the feet of the said Lord President, under the Covert
of his Desk. (Journal, page 12.)
- The Table placed before the said clerks, whereon some times lay the
commonwealth's mace and sword of state or justice: Sometimes, I say,
for at other times, the said sword was advanced in the head of the guards,
with partizans standing in the court, on the right hand of the king,
as he sate, and the said mace was some times handed by their sergeant-at-arms
on the outside of the bar, nigh the king on his left hand. But in this
they are to be pardoned, it being the first time they had kinged it,
and therefore it was not to be expected that they should be so ready
and exact in their ceremonies.
- The scale of benches.
- The achievement of the Commonwealth of England.
(This continues to Z, occupying in the whole, two closely printed folio
pages.) P. 11 Die Veneris, 12 Januarii, 1648 Painted chamber.
From "Nalson's Record of the Trial of Charles I, 1688" in
the British Museum.
The Phelps Family of America and
Their English Ancestors, (Save
$201 by ordering through us.) Two volumes.
By Judge Oliver Seymour Phelps and Andrew T. Servin. (Eagle Publishing Company
of Pittsfield, Mass., 1899)