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American Heraldry: The Crest of the Phelps Family of America


''The American bearings of the family of Phelps are: per pale, or (gold), and argent, (white or silver), a wolf salient azure (blue) with an orle of eight crosses crosslet, fitchie gule (red). Crest, a wolf's head erased (torn off), azure collared or, the collar charged with a martlet sable (black)."

The interpretation of the arms is as follows:

"The parting, per pale, indicates that a fortification had been placed, by ancestors, in the face of an enemy. The wolf signifies courage and endurance, the crosses-crosslets fitchie being emblems of the second Crusade or Holy War, shows that it was in that campaign the arms were earned or acquired. The martlet in the crest is the martin or swallows of Palestine, and indicates that an ancestor had been upon a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, in addition to having been in the second Crusade."

From The Phelps Family of America and Their English Ancestors, (Save $201 by ordering through us.) Two volumes. By Judge Oliver Seymour Phelps and Andrew T. Servin. (Eagle Publishing Company of Pittsfield, Mass., 1899)