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Descendants of William and George Phelps

First Battle of Bull Run

Randolph Tucker Claggett (10 May 1858 - 8 Mar 1937) [my great-uncle], was born in Warrenton, Virginia.

"I am not sure that any of the Claggetts were in the Civil War, but the Claggett homestead is in Virginia near the site of the first Battle of Bull Run [First Mannassas]. I have heard my grandmother [Catherine Johnson] tell of having watched the battle from the back porch, and Uncle Tucker tells me his father carried him on horseback to the scene of the battle after it was over, and that the sight of row on row of wounded and dying was never erased from his memory." 

The First Battle of Bull Run (as known by Union forces), also known as the First Battle of Manassas (the name used by Confederate forces), was the first major battle of the American Civil War and was a Confederate victory. The battle was fought on July 21, 1861 in Prince William County, Virginia, near Manassas Junction along a small river known as Bull Run, about 25 miles west-southwest of Washington, D.C. The 35,000 Union troops  forces were slow in positioning themselves, allowing about strike a Confederate force of 20,000  Confederate reinforcements time to arrive by rail.

Reporters, congressmen, and other spectators traveled from Washington with sandwiches and opera glasses, expecting the Union troops to win and easy victory and a swift end to the war that had begun three months before.

It was a Confederate victory, followed by a disorganized retreat of the Union forces.