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Alexander Diuguid / Mary Good


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Alexander Diuguid / Mary Good

Husband: Alexander Diuguid
Born: 1752at:
Married: at:  
Died: 1803at:
Father: William Diuguid Jr.
Mother: Ann Moss
Sources: [1102]
Wife: Mary Good
Born: at:
Died: at:
Father:
Mother:
Children
Name: John Diuguid
Born: 1794at: Craven, North Carolina
Died: at:
Spouses:


Pedigree Chart for: Alexander Diuguid

      /--William  Dugate 
   /--William  Diuguid  Sr.
   |  \--Barbara  Milne 
/--William  Diuguid  Jr.
|  |  /--Alexander Patrick  Hendrie 
|  \--Jean  Henry 
|     \--Jean  Robertson 
|--Alexander  Diuguid 
|     /--Thomas  Moss 
|  /--Alexander  Moss 
|  |  \--
\--Ann  Moss 
   |  /--Thomas  Moss 
   \--Elizabeth  Clopton 
      \--Anne  Booth 

Pedigree Chart for: Mary Good

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Mary  Good 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

@1 [1102] [S89]

William McNamee / Mollie Cade

Husband: William McNamee
Born: 1842[1183] at:
Married: at:  
Died: 1925[1184] at:
Father: James McNamee
Mother: Elizabeth Stevens Diuguid
Notes: [1185]
Wife: Mollie Cade
Born: at:
Died: at:
Father:
Mother:
Children

Pedigree Chart for: William McNamee

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--James  McNamee 
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--William  McNamee 
|     /--George  Diuguid 
|  /--William Sampson  Diuguid 
|  |  \--Nancy  Sampson 
\--Elizabeth Stevens  Diuguid 
   |  /--George  Diuguid 
   \--Susannah  Thornhill 
      \--Elizabeth (Stevens)  Stephens 

Pedigree Chart for: Mollie Cade

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Mollie  Cade 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

[1185] No children from either marriage.

@1 [1183] [S89]

  • @2Page: p. 201

@1 [1184] [S89]

  • @2Page: p. 201

Dale Norwood / Ann Friend Bremser

Husband: Dale Norwood
Born: at: 
Died:at: 
Father:  at: 
Mother:  at: 
Wife: Ann Friend Bremser
Born: at: 
Died:at: 
Father:  at: 
Mother:  at: 
Children
Name: Justin Philip Norwood [1295]
Born: at:
Died: at:
Spouses:

Name: Tyler James Norwood [1296]
Born: at:
Died: at:
Spouses:


Pedigree Chart for: Dale Norwood

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Dale  Norwood 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Ann Friend Bremser

      /--Philip Nikolaus Karl  Bremser  II
   /--Philip Karl  Bremser  III
   |  \--Emma Verna  Hay 
/--Philip Karl  Bremser  IV
|  |  /--
|  \--Elizabeth Gertrude  Allen 
|     \--
|--Ann Friend  Bremser 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--Marcia Ann  Grffin 
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

[1294] This person is presumed living.

[1287] This person is presumed living.

[1295] ~

[1296] ~

John Claggett / Volinda Sollers

Husband: John Claggett
Born: 1683at: St. Leonards, Calvert, Maryland, USA
Married: 14 Sep 1714at:
Died: 29 Mar 1769at: Prince George's, Maryland, United States
Father: Thomas Clagett I
Mother:
Sources: [1450]
Wife: Volinda Sollers
Born: 1690at: Calvert County, Maryland, USA
Died: at:
Father: John Sollers
Mother: Anne Sabrett
Sources: [1718]
Children
Name: Thomas Clagett [1723]
Born: 1713at: Prince George's, Maryland, United States
Married: at:  
Died: 1778at: Prince George's, Maryland, United States
Spouses: Ann Magruder , Ruth Burgess

Name: Sabritt Clagett [1712]
Born: ABT 1715at: Calvert, Maryland, United States
Died: at:
Spouses:

Name: Volinda Clagett [1713]
Born: ABT 1717at: , Calvert County, Maryland, USA
Married: at:  
Died: 1798at:
Spouses: Basil Beckwith


Pedigree Chart for: John Claggett

      /--George  Clagett 
   /--Edward  Clagett 
   |  \--Anne  Colbrand 
/--Thomas  Clagett  I
|  |  /--Thomas  Adams 
|  \--Margaret  Adams 
|     \--Ann  Mapted 
|--John  Claggett 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Volinda Sollers

      /--
   /--Robert  Sollers 
   |  \--
/--John  Sollers 
|  |  /--
|  \--(--?--)  Sollers 
|     \--
|--Volinda  Sollers 
|     /--
|  /--William  Sabrett 
|  |  \--
\--Anne  Sabrett 
   |  /--
   \--Mary   
      \--

@1 [1450] [S44]

@1 [1718] [S44]

@1 [1723] [S44]

@1 [1712] [S44]

@1 [1713] [S44]

Benjamin Alva Babcock Jr. / Nancy Lee Morgan

Husband: Benjamin Alva Babcock Jr.
Born: at: 
Died:at: 
Father:  at: 
Mother:  at: 
Wife: Nancy Lee Morgan
Born: at: 
Died:at: 
Father:  at: 
Mother:  at: 
Children
Name: Benjamin Lowell Babcock [10819]
Born: at:
Married: at:  
Died: at:
Spouses:

Name: Brandon Lee Babcock [1635]
Born: at:
Married: at:  
Died: at:
Spouses:

Name: Trisha Lyn Babcock [7087]
Born: at:
Married: at:  
Died: at:
Spouses:

Name: Benton Aaron Babcock [6962]
Born: at:
Married: at:  
Died: at:
Spouses:

Name: Brent Eugene Babcock [6184]
Born: at:
Married: at:  
Died: at:
Spouses:


Pedigree Chart for: Benjamin Alva Babcock Jr.

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--Benjamin Alva  Babcock  Sr.
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Benjamin Alva  Babcock  Jr.
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Nancy Lee Morgan

      /--John Hamilton  Morgan 
   /--Mathias Cowley  Morgan 
   |  \--Mary Ann  Linton 
/--Bruce Lowell  Morgan 
|  |  /--James William  Pearce 
|  \--Mildred  Pearce 
|     \--Vilate  Oakley 
|--Nancy Lee  Morgan 
|     /--Josiah Howe  Loveland  Sr.
|  /--Josiah Howe  Loveland  Jr.
|  |  \--Esther Ada  King 
\--Leah  Loveland 
   |  /--Josiah Howe  Loveland  Sr.
   \--Nancy Afton  Tolman 
      \--Eliza Ann  Riley 

[5359] This person is presumed living.

[7276] This person is presumed living.

[10819] This person is presumed living.

[1635] This person is presumed living.

[7087] This person is presumed living.

[6962] This person is presumed living.

[6184] This person is presumed living.

(--?--) Hosford / (--?--)

Husband: (--?--) Hosford
Born: ABT 1587at: of Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Married: ABT 1611at: of Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Died: at:
Father:
Mother:
Sources: [3725]
Wife: (--?--)
Born: ABT 1589at: of Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Died: at:
Father:
Mother:
Sources: [3726]
Children
Name: William Horseford [3718]
Born: 1600at: Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Married: at:  
Died: 3 Aug 1679at: Dorchester, Dorset, England
Spouses: Sarah


Pedigree Chart for: (--?--) Hosford

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--(--?--)  Hosford 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: (--?--)

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--(--?--)   
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

@1 [3725] [S44]

@1 [3726] [S44]

@1 [3718] [S44]

Donald William Phelps / Mabel Lillian Stevens

Husband: Donald William Phelps
Born: 6 Aug 1909at: Marion, Marion, Ohio, United States
Married: 9 Apr 1931at: Port Clinton, Ohio
Died: 10 Aug 1995[3856] at: Port Clinton, Ohio
Father: William Perry Phelps
Mother: Carrie Esther Hudson
Notes: [3857]
Sources: [3856] [3858]
Wife: Mabel Lillian Stevens
Born: 31 Jul 1909[3931] at: Port Clinton, Ohio
Died: 12 Mar 1995[3932] at: Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA
Father:
Mother:
Notes: [3933]
Sources: [3931] [3932] [3934]
Children
Name: Joyce Ann Phelps [3939]
Born: at:
Married: at:  
Died: at:
Spouses:

Name: Steven Phelps [3940] [3941]
Born: 12 Dec[3940] at: Port Clinton, Ohio
Married: at:  
Died: at:
Spouses: Jan Phelps


Pedigree Chart for: Donald William Phelps

      /--Daniel S.  Phelps 
   /--Horace Jesse  Phelps 
   |  \--Nancy  Judy 
/--William Perry  Phelps 
|  |  /--
|  \--Marguerite Samantha  Hess 
|     \--
|--Donald William  Phelps 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--Carrie Esther  Hudson 
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Mabel Lillian Stevens

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Mabel Lillian  Stevens 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

[3857] [Suter.ftw]

DONALD WORKED AS A MACHINIST FOR MARION STEAM SHOVEL FOR SEVEN YEARS
BACK IN 1937. DONALD OWNED A SMALL COTTAGE ON A LAKE AND LOVED TO TAKE
HIs CHILDREN AND GRANDCHILDREN OUT TO FISH, SWIM AND WATER SKI.

[3933] [Suter.ftw]

MABEL WORKED AS A A STENOGRAPHER FOR A REAL ESTATE COMPANY BACK IN
1937.

[3939] This person is presumed living.

@1 [14376] [S192]

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@1 [3856] [S192]

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@1 [3858] [S192]

  • @4Data:
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@1 [3931] [S192]

  • @4Data:
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@1 [3932] [S192]

  • @4Data:
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@1 [3934] [S192]

  • @4Data:
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@1 [3940] [S192]

  • @4Data:
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@1 [3941] [S192]

  • @4Data:
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Arie William Groenenboom / Grace Gertrude Phelps

Husband: Arie William Groenenboom
Born: at:
Married: at:  
Died: at:
Father:
Mother:
Wife: Grace Gertrude Phelps
Born: 14 Feb 1908at:
Died: at:
Father: William Henry Phelps
Mother: Alma L. Riggs
Children

Pedigree Chart for: Arie William Groenenboom

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Arie William  Groenenboom 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Grace Gertrude Phelps

      /--Sylvester Ira  Phelps 
   /--Charles  Phelps 
   |  \--Maria  Lathrop 
/--William Henry  Phelps 
|  |  /-- Martin 
|  \--Evaline  Martin 
|     \--
|--Grace Gertrude  Phelps 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--Alma L.  Riggs 
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Richard Rogers Peabody / Mary Phelps Jacob

Husband: Richard Rogers Peabody
Born: at:
Married: Jan 1915at: Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts
Died: at:
Father: Jacob C. R. Peabody
Mother: D. W. Florence
Sources: [5411]
Wife: Mary Phelps Jacob
Born: 20 Apr 1892at: New Rochelle, New York, USA
Died: 24 Jan 1970[5412] at: Rome, Italy
Father: William Hearns Jacob
Mother: Mary Phelps
Notes: [5413]
Sources: [5412] [5414] [5415]
Children
Name: William Peabody
Born: 1916at:
Died: at:
Spouses:

Name: Poleen Wheatland Peabody
Born: 1917at:
Married: at:  
Died: 31 Dec 2009at:
Spouses: Comte Albert de Mun , John Montagu William North , Nathaniel Phelps


Pedigree Chart for: Richard Rogers Peabody

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--Jacob C. R.  Peabody 
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Richard Rogers  Peabody 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--D. W.  Florence 
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Mary Phelps Jacob

      /--William Hearn  Jacob 
   /--Leonard  Jacobs 
   |  \--Ann  Tucker 
/--William Hearns  Jacob 
|  |  /--John Riker  Lawrence 
|  \--Emma  Lawrence 
|     \--Margarete  Quick 
|--Mary Phelps  Jacob 
|     /--Walter  Phelps 
|  /--Walter  Phelps 
|  |  \--Julia  Beach 
\--Mary  Phelps 
   |  /--Walter  Phelps 
   \--Eliza Ann  Schenk 
      \--Harriet Tilling  Hart 

[5413] The first modern brassiere to receive a patent and gain wide acceptance was a bra invented by a young New York socialite named Mary Phelps Jacob in 1910. Born on 20 April 1891 in New Rochelle, New York, "Polly" (as she nicknamed herself) was the daughter of a prominent New England family. Her ancestry included Governor Bradford, the Plymouth Colony's first governor, and Robert Fulton, developer of the steamboat.

Polly's family was not fabulously rich, but her father had been raised, as she put it, "to ride to hounds, sail boats, and lead cotillions," and he lived high. She grew up, she later said, "in a world where only good smells existed." "What I wanted," she said of her privileged childhood, "usually came to pass." A childhood of privilege included private school, dancing school, and horse riding school. She was a rather disinterested student. One commentator writes that for the most part Polly "lived her life in dreams." (Wolff).

In 1915, at age 24, Polly Jacob married Richard Rogers Peabody, son of one of the three great New England families. By the early 20th century a case could be made that the Peabodies had supplanted the Cabots and the Lodges as the most distinguished name in the area. She had for all intents and purposes arrived socially, having married into American aristocracy. But it was not to last.
From the Corset to the Brassiere

Up to this time, an unhealthy and painful device called a corset narrowed an adult women's waist to 13 or fewer inches. The corset is attributed to Catherine de Médicis, wife of King Henri II of France. She enforced a ban on thick waists at court attendance during the 1550s. For nearly 350 years, women's primary means of support was the corset, with laces and stays made of whalebone or metal.

In 1875, designer Susan Taylor Converse created a garment called the "Union Under-Flannel" from woolen fabric. The garment is different to previous items as it has no-bones, eyelets, laces or pulleys. The garment was patented by manufacturers George Frost and George Phelps, but never gained much attention.

In 1889, French-born corset-maker Herminie Cadolle invented a two-part undergarment. The top half of her 1889 invention was "designed to sustain the bosom and supported by the shoulders." (The bottom half was a corset that covered only the waist and rear.) She called it the 'Well-Being' or 'Bien-être'. Introduced in Paris, the Bien-être resembled a Victorian bikini. But Cadolle's far-sighted design seems to have been kept a close secret among her select customers.

Later in 1893, Marie Tucek patented the first brassiere. Her device included separate pockets for the breasts, straps that went over the shoulder which were fastened by hook-and-eye closures. It looked very much like modern bras today, but Marie apparently failed to successfully market the patent.

In 1910, Polly Jacob had just purchased a sheer evening gown for one of her social events. At that time, the only acceptable undergarment was a corset stiffened with whalebone. Polly found that the whalebones visibly poked out around the plunging neckline and under the sheer fabric. Dissatisfied with this arrangement, she worked with her maid to stitch two silk handkerchiefs together with some pink ribbon and cord.

Polly's new undergarment complimented the new fashions introduced at the time. Family and friends almost immediately asked Polly to create brassieres for them, too. One day, she received a request for one of her contraptions from a stranger, who offered a dollar for her efforts. She knew then that this could become a viable business. The corset's reign was beginning to topple.

Polly was the first to patent an undergarment named 'Brassiere' derived from the old French word for 'upper arm'.

On November 3, 1914, the U.S. Patent Office issued a patent for the 'Backless Brassiere'. Her patent was for a device that was lightweight, soft and separated the breasts naturally. Polly christened her business with the name Caresse Crosby. While a definite improvement, her brassiere did not offer breasts a lot of support, and were more flattening than flattering. In fact, the breast flattening style was popularized by the Flapper look during the Roaring Twenties. With the popularity of actresses like Marilyn Monroe and Jane Russell, the present breast-enhancing style gained popularity during the thirties and forties.

Running a business either was not enjoyable to Polly or she failed to properly market the product, for she soon sold the brassiere patent to the Warner Brothers Corset Company in Bridgeport, Connecticut, for $1,500 (or over $25,600 in today's money). Shortly afterwards, in 1917, the U.S. War Industries Board asked women to stop buying corsets to free up metal for war production. This step liberated some 28,000 tons of metal, enough to build two battleships.

It has been said that the bra took off the way it did in large part because of World War I. The Great War shook up gender roles, putting many women to work in factories and uniforms for the first time. Women needed practical, comfortable undergarments. Warner went on to earn more than fifteen million dollars from the bra patent over the next thirty years.

During the flat-chested Flapper era in the 1920's, a Russian immigrant named Ida Rosenthal noticed that a bra that fit one woman did not fit another woman of the same bra size. With the help of her husband William, they founded Maidenform. Ida was responsible for grouping women into bust size categories (cup sizes) and developed bras for every stage of life (puberty to maturity).

In the 1930s, Warner produces the first popular all-elastic bra, which shows off a woman's curves.
Polly Divorces Richard Peabody and Remarries

After Polly sold her brassiere patent, she had two children: a son, William Jacob in 1916, and a daughter, Polly ("Poleen") the following year. Her husband Richard Peabody was a well-educated but undirected man and a reluctant father. She found he had only three real interests, all acquired at Harvard: to play, to drink, and to turn out, at any hour, to chase fire engines. He would soon suffer the personal consequences of his WWI experiences and became an alcoholic. Polly's life was difficult during the war years and when her husband returned home, significantly changed, her life soon changed abruptly too.

The catalyst for Polly Peabody's transformation was her introduction and eventual marriage to Harry Grew Crosby, a wealthy scion of a socially prominent Boston family and another veteran and victim of the recent war. Harry attended private schools and until age 19 and he appeared to be well on the path to a comfortable life as a member of the upper middle class. His experiences in World War I changed everything.

In the pattern of other sons of the elite from New England, he volunteered for the American Field Service Ambulance Corps. He served in the Second Battle of Verdun. After the Battle of Orme, his section (the 29th, attached to the 120th French Division) was cited for bravery, and in 1919 Crosby was awarded the Croix de Guerre.

While completing school after WWI, Harry met Polly. She was 28, six years older than Harry, with two small children. By some accounts, Harry fell in love with Mrs. Peabody in about two hours. He confessed his love for her in the Tunnel of Love at the amusement park. Two weeks later they made love. Their scandalous courtship was the gossip of blue-blood Boston. Polly finally divorced Richard Peabody who was in and out of sanitariums fighting his alcohol abuse, and on September 9, 1922 Harry and Polly were married. Two days later they moved to France to join other American expatriates, probably much to the relief of their respective families. Harry at first worked for his famous uncle, American capitalist J.P. Morgan, who was also Harry's godfather, in a job arranged for him in a Paris bank. But he soon tired of work.

Polly and Harry purchased a race horse and then two more. They traveled to North Africa where it is reported they first smoked opium, a habit to which they would return again and again. From 1922 to 1925, the Crosbys led the life of the rich expatriates. They lived a glamorous and luxurious lifestyle that included an "open marriage," a mutual suicide pact, and cremation instructions they carried with them. Their lifestyle was financed by selling the bonds and stocks whose dividends were previously the basis of Harry's income.

Founded the Black Sun Press

After publishing two volumes that they were unhappy with, the Crosbys found a master printer named Roger Lescaret whose previous work had been largely funeral notices. He printed Harry's poems in a fine edition. Harry and Caresse were very happy with the book, Red Skeletons. It contained illustrations by their friend Alastair (Hans Henning von Voight). The decided to found a press, first called éditions Narcisse— after their black whippet, Narcisse Noir. It was created to publish its founders’ attempts at verse in beautifully bound, hand-set books.

By the time the name of the press was changed in mid-1928 to the Black Sun Press, the careers of both the Caresse and Harry Crosby were in high gear. The Black Sun Press is famous for having published lavishly bound, typographically impeccable versions of unusual books, including The Fall of the House of Usher, their Hindu Love Book, and letters by Henry James to Walter Berry, Harry's cousin. As their literary tastes matured, they began to publish the works of their Parisian literary friends. This included D. H. Lawrence's The Sun and Escaped Cock (sometimes reprinted under the title The Man Who Died); James Joyce's Tales Told of Shem and Shaun (work — later incorporated into Finnegans Wake; and short stories by Kay Boyle. In 1929, their best year, they published fourteen works by James Joyce, Ernest Hemingway and Ezra Pound, among others. Caresse published her own book of poetry, Crosses of Gold.

In 1928, however, Harry Crosby met Josephine Noyes Rotch, whom he would call the "Youngest Princess of the Sun" and the "Fire Princess." She was descended from a family that first settled in Provincetown on Cape Cod in 1690. Josephine would inspire Crosby's next collection of poems called Transit of Venus. Miss Rotch was twenty, ten years younger than Harry. The two fell in love. In a letter to his mother, dated July 24, 1928, Crosby wrote:

I am having an affair with a girl I met (not introduced) at the Lido. She is twenty and has charm and is called Josephine. I like girls when they are very young before they have any minds.

Josephine and Harry had an ongoing affair until she married, when it ceased. Then Josephine Bigelow's new husband got busy with school, and Josephine contacted Harry again. Their affair rekindled, they traveled to Detroit and checked into an expensive, $12 a day hotel as husband and wife. For four days they took meals in their room, smoked opium, battled, and made love.

On December 7, 1929, the lovers returned to New York where they agreed that Josephine should return to Boston to her husband. But on December 9 she had delivered a 36-line poem to Crosby who was staying with Caresse at the Savoy-Plaza Hotel. The last line of the poem is:

Death is our marriage.

On December 9, Harry Crosby made the following entry into his notebook:

One is not in love unless one desires to die with one's beloved. There is only one happiness it is to love and to be loved.

These are Crosby's very last entries into his journal. On December 10, 1929, in an apparent suicide pact, Harry was found in bed with a .25 caliber bullet hole in his right temple next to Josephine, who had a matching hole in her left temple. Harry was still clutching the pistol in one hand, Josephine in the other. Harry apparently shot Josephine and then, according to the coroner, several hours later, he shot himself.

After Harry Crosby's suicide, Caresse continued her writing and publishing work at Black Sun. She also established Crosby Continental Editions, a book company that published paperback books by Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner, Dorothy Parker, among others.

In 1937, at age 47, she married Selbert Young, a football player nearly twenty years her junior. She bought and renovated Hampton Manor, a ruined but splendid home in Bowling Green, Virginia. She opened an art gallery in Washington D.C. and started Portfolio, a magazine about art and literature. She also was politically active and founded the organization Women Against War. She later bought a castle north of Rome that gave her the title of Principessa, and later mountain-top retreats in Cyprus and Delphi. Thus she had homes in Bowling Green, Virginia, in Washington, D.C., a sprawling apartment at 137 East Fifty-Fourth Street in New York City, as well as her residences in Europe.

Henry Miller and Opus Pistorum

In Paris during 1933, Caresse had met Henry Miller. When he returned to the U.S. in 1940, he confessed to Caresse his lack of success in getting his work published. Miller's autobiographical book Tropic of Cancer was banned in the U.S. as pornographic, and he could get no other work published. She invited him to take a room in her New York apartment where she infrequently lived, which he accepted, though she did not provide him with money.

Desperate for cash, Miller fell to churning out pornography on commission for an Oklahoma oil baron, but after two 100-page stories that brought him $200, he could do no more. Now he wanted to tour the United States by car and write about it. He got a $750 advance, and persuaded the oil man's agent to advance him another $200. He was preparing to leave on the trip but still have not provided the work promised. He thought then of Caresse Crosby. She was already pitching in ideas and pieces of writing to Anaïs Nin's New York City smut club for fun, not money. Caresse was facile and clever, wrote easily and quickly, with little effort.

Caresse accepted Henry's proposal. She wrote the title given her by Henry Miller "Opus Pistorum" at the top, and started right in. Henry left for his car tour of America. Caresse churned out 200 pages and the collector's agent asked for more.

Caresse's smut was just what the oil man wanted-no literary aspirations-just plain sex. In Caresse the agent had found the basic pornographic Henry Miller. Caresse churned out another 200 pages, spending her time writing while her husband, Bert Young, fell into a drunken stupor every night.

In her diary, Anaïs Nin observed that everyone who wrote pornography with her wrote out of a self that was opposite to her or his identity, but identical with his desire. Polly or Caresse experienced years of social constraints imposed by her upper-class association in New York. She had a doomed and troublesome romanticism with Harry Crosby. She participated in a decade or more of intellectual lovers in Paris during the 1920s. Perhaps it was a release for Caresse just to take love as casual lust and let it go at that.

In 1950 Caresse divorced Bert Young and moved to Italy where she planned to create an artists colony. She published an autobiography in 1953 called The Passionate Years. Caresse died in relative obscurity in 1970, but she lived long enough to see the bra go through a number of transformations and become immensely popular all over the world.

All kinds of bras have been created for every conceivable purpose, to do all the things that corsets have done in previous generations: minimize, uplift, show cleavage, maximize, or plain show off. Training bras for newly developing young girls seem like an oxymoron, and in reality aren't really meant for support as much as for camouflage. Jogging or sports bras are a more recent innovation for the woman who wants to work out, and some are meant to be worn as outerwear. Statistics show the average American woman today owns six bras. Out of those six, one of is a strapless bra and one is a color other than white.

Despite all of the many advances and improvements in brassieres, perhaps a Surgeon General's warning is still required. In 1994, Berbel Zumner, age 23, was walking through a park in Vienna. Berbel had large breasts and wore a brassiere with underwire support to support her ample frame. She was killed when lightening struck her brassiere.

A movie about Harry and Caresse is said to be in development by Fine Line Features. Only a director has been attached to the project, and no completion date has been set.

By Brian Phelps
Licensed for other's use under the GNU Free Documentation License (GNU FDL or simply GFDL).

References and Sources

American Heritage of Invention & Technology, Spring 1997, Volume 12/Number 4

Daily Record (Scotland) 21 October 1994

Mary Phelps Jacob Inventor of the Week Archive November 2001 (December 2003)

"Caresse Crosby, Infield." Cosmic Baseball Association, 1998 (December 2003)

"The Brassiere." Useless Information. (December 2003)

Bra sizes Sizes.com July 11, 2001 (June 2004)

Edward Germain, Editor, Harry Crosby, Shadows of the Sun: The Diaries of Harry Crosby. Santa Barbara, California: Black Sparrow Press. 1977.

Geoffrey Wolff, Black Sun. Random House: New York. 1976.

Shelley Cox, "Introduction: The Black Sun Press," ICarbS 3:2 (1977), 3-4.

Ethlie Ann Vare and Greg Ptacek. Patently Female (John Wiley, 2002) p. 134-139.

Caresse Crosby The Passionate Years (Ecco Press).

A Brief History Of The Nipple, by Amil Niazi. November 15, 2005 (December 21, 2005)

@1 [5411] [S422]

@1 [5412] [S423]

@1 [5414] [S422]

@1 [5415] [S80]

Collier Thomas Cooper Jr / Annie Clair Drewry

Husband: Collier Thomas Cooper Jr
Born: 24 Jan 1910at:
Married: 4 Aug 1934at:
Died: 13 Aug 1990at:
Father: Collier Thomas Cooper
Mother: Geneva Elizabeth Winkle
Wife: Annie Clair Drewry
Born: 19 Nov 1912at:
Died: at:
Father:
Mother:
Children
Name: Collier Thomas Cooper III [5577]
Born: at:
Married: at:  
Died: at:
Spouses:

Name: Nancy Cooper [5579]
Born: at:
Married: at:  
Died: at:
Spouses:

Name: Robert Earl Cooper [5580]
Born: at:
Married: at:  
Died: at:
Spouses:


Pedigree Chart for: Collier Thomas Cooper Jr

      /--
   /--William Andrew  Cooper 
   |  \--
/--Collier Thomas  Cooper 
|  |  /--Oliver Roswell  Phelps 
|  \--Sara 'Sallie' Ensign  Phelps 
|     \--Eugenia Campbell  Lanier 
|--Collier Thomas  Cooper  Jr
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--Geneva Elizabeth  Winkle 
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Annie Clair Drewry

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Annie Clair  Drewry 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

[5577] This person is presumed living.

[5579] This person is presumed living.

[5580] This person is presumed living.

William Garratt Ogden / Sarah Day Webster

Husband: William Garratt Ogden
Born: 26 Aug 1837at: Staley-Bridge, Lancashire, England
Married: 1 Apr 1861at: Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States
Died: 25 Apr 1908at: Ogden City, Weber County, Ut
Father: Edward Ogden
Mother: Sarah Rooth Garratt
Notes: [5660]
Sources: [5661]
Wife: Sarah Day Webster
Born: at:
Died: at:
Father:
Mother:
Children

Pedigree Chart for: William Garratt Ogden

      /--
   /--Isaac   Ogden 
   |  \--
/--Edward   Ogden 
|  |  /--
|  \--Lucy   Kefford 
|     \--
|--William Garratt  Ogden 
|     /--
|  /--William   Garrett 
|  |  \--
\--Sarah Rooth  Garratt 
   |  /--
   \--Sarah Goodwin  Rooth 
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Sarah Day Webster

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Sarah Day  Webster 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

[5660] Wm also married Sarah Harris, 12 Apr 1869; and Jane Roxbury.

@1 [5661] [S44]

Thomas Boylston / Sarah

Husband: Thomas Boylston
Born: 1615at: French Street, Kent, England
Married: 1640at: Watertown, Ma
Died: 4 Oct 1653at: Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States
Father:
Mother:
Sources: [5894]
Wife: Sarah
Born: ABT 1617at: of Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
Died: 14 Sep 1704at: of Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
Father:
Mother:
Sources: [5895]
Children
Name: Elizabeth Boylston [5884]
Born: 21 Sep 1640at: Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States
Married: at:  
Died: 4 May 1665at: Medfield, Norfolk, Massachusetts, United States
Spouses: John Fisher

Name: Sarah Boylston [5896]
Born: 30 Sep 1642at: Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States
Died: 18 Aug 1711at: Charlestown, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
Spouses:

Name: Thomas Boylston [5897]
Born: 26 Jan 1645at: of Brookline, Norfolk, Massachusetts, USA
Died: 16 Dec 1695at: Massachusetts, United States
Spouses:

Name: Doriah Boylston [5898]
Born: 4 Apr 1647at: Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States
Died: at:
Spouses:


Pedigree Chart for: Thomas Boylston

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Thomas  Boylston 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Sarah

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Sarah   
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

@1 [5894] [S44]

@1 [5895] [S44]

@1 [5884] [S44]

@1 [5896] [S44]

@1 [5897] [S44]

@1 [5898] [S44]

Edward Dorsey / Anne Howard

Husband: Edward Dorsey
Born: at:
Married: at:  
Died: at:
Father:
Mother:
Sources: [7725]
Wife: Anne Howard
Born: at:
Died: at:
Father:
Mother:
Sources: [7726]
Children
Name: John Dorsey [7724]
Born: C 1650at: Hockley in the Hole, Anne Arundel Co., Maryland, USA
Married: at:  
Died: 22 Mar 1715at: Elk Ridge, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Spouses: Pleasance Ely


Pedigree Chart for: Edward Dorsey

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Edward  Dorsey 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Anne Howard

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Anne  Howard 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

@1 [7725] [S44]

@1 [7726] [S44]

@1 [7724] [S44]

Bill Murray / Virginia Lawrence Parker

Husband: Bill Murray
Born: at:
Married: at:  
Died: at:
Father:
Mother:
Wife: Virginia Lawrence Parker
Born: at: 
Died:at: 
Father:  at: 
Mother:  at: 
Children

Pedigree Chart for: Bill Murray

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Bill  Murray 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Virginia Lawrence Parker

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Virginia Lawrence  Parker 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

[7876] This person is presumed living.

Charles Bremser Sr. / Marie Schneider

Husband: Charles Bremser Sr.
Born: 5 Aug 1851[8270] at: Niedertiefenbach, Nassau, Germany
Married: 14 Oct 1880at:
Died: 29 Aug 1928[8271] at: Kewaskum, Washington, Wisconsin, United States
Father: Johann Heinrich 'Henry' Adam Bremser
Mother: Philippina Schupp
Notes: [8273]
Sources: [8270] [8271] [8272] [8274]
Wife: Marie Schneider
Born: 31 Jan 1854[8265] at: Ozaukee County, Wisconsin, USA
Died: 18 Apr 1935[8266] at: St. Michael, Washington, Wisconsin, United States
Father:
Mother:
Notes: [8268]
Sources: [8265] [8266] [8267] [8269]
Children
Name: Charles Bremser Jr. [8373]
Born: at:
Died: at:
Spouses:

Name: William Bremser [8263] [8260] [8261] [8262] [8264]
Born: 20 Dec 1880[8260] at:
Married: at:  
Died: 12 Jun 1949[8261] at: St.Michaels, Washington, Wisconsin, USA
Spouses: Martha Marie Laubach

Name: John Nicolaus Bremser [7978] [7975] [7976] [7977] [7979]
Born: 18 May 1883[7975] at: Kewaskum, Washington, Wisconsin, United States
Married: at:  
Died: 27 Apr 1975[7976] at: West Bend, Washington, Wisconsin, United States
Spouses: Susanna Berres

Name: Emma Bremser [8220] [8218] [8219] [8221]
Born: 3 Nov 1885[8218] at: Washington, Wisconsin, United States
Married: at:  
Died: 28 Jan 1934[8219] at: Washington, Wisconsin, United States
Spouses: Joseph Bohn

Name: Rose Bremser [8404] [8402] [8403] [8405]
Born: 10 Sep 1887[8402] at:
Married: at:  
Died: 21 May 1964[8403] at:
Spouses: Jacob Schaeffer

Name: Marie Bremser [8367] [8364] [8365] [8366] [8368]
Born: 26 Mar 1893[8364] at:
Married: at:  
Died: 1 May 1965[8365] at: St. Michaels, Washington, Wisconsin, USA
Spouses: John A. Herriges


Pedigree Chart for: Charles Bremser Sr.

      /--Johann Andreas  Bremser 
   /--Philipp Jacob  Bremser 
   |  \--Catharina Margarethe  Thorn 
/--Johann Heinrich 'Henry' Adam  Bremser 
|  |  /--
|  \--Anna Eva  Michel 
|     \--
|--Charles  Bremser  Sr.
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--Philippina  Schupp 
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Marie Schneider

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Marie  Schneider 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

[8273]

I have a copy of the obituary in my file.

[8268]

Maria had 11 brothers and sisters. The first 7 were born in Germany and the last five (including Maria) were born in Wisconsin.

One of her brother's names was John Nicolaus and Maria and her husband Charles name one of their own children after him.

Her parents immigrated sometime in 1846 or 1847.

[8263]

William and his wife Martha Laubach were married by Rev. A. Lauer, a cousin.
William grew up near St. Michael's on the Bremser Homestead. William and Martha lived on the Bremser homestead until their deaths.

[7978]

John and his wife Susanna lived in Kewaskum, WI.
John was in the hospital for about 2 months before he died.
John and Susan celebrated their Golden Wedding Anniversary on Nov 24, 1958.
John Nicolaus was named after his mother's brother.

[8220]

Emma and her husband Joseph lived in Nabob.

[8404]

Rose and her husband Jacob lived in Farmington.

[8367]

Marie and her husband John lived in Barton.

@1 [14567] [S189]

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William A. Taylor / Viola Beatrice Claggett

Husband: William A. Taylor
Born: at:
Married: 15 Jul 1916at: Newark, Licking, Ohio, United States
Died: at:
Father:
Mother:
Wife: Viola Beatrice Claggett
Born: 12 Jan 1895at:
Died: at:
Father: Amos Milton Claggett
Mother: Susan May Wright
Children
Name: (--?--) Taylor
Born: at:
Died: at:
Spouses:


Pedigree Chart for: William A. Taylor

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--William A.  Taylor 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Viola Beatrice Claggett

      /--William G.  Claggett 
   /--Alexander Bennett  Claggett 
   |  \--Jane  Rector 
/--Amos Milton  Claggett 
|  |  /--
|  \--Mary E.  Priest 
|     \--
|--Viola Beatrice  Claggett 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--Susan May  Wright 
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Judson Adonirum Tolman Sr. / Sophia Merrell

Husband: Judson Adonirum Tolman Sr.
Born: 14 Jul 1826at: Hope,Lincoln,Maine
Married: 5 Feb 1856at: Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, United States
Died: 6 Jul 1916at: Bountiful, Davis, Utah, United States
Father: Nathan Tolman
Mother: Sarah Hewett
Notes: [10143]
Sources: [10144]
Wife: Sophia Merrell
Born: 11 Dec 1839at: Des Moine, Polk, Iowa, USA
Died: 24 Sep 1875at: Plymouth, Box Elder, Utah, USA
Father: Charles Merrell
Mother: Sarah Fenley
Notes: [10925]
Sources: [10926]
Children
Name: Esther Jane Tolman [11200] [11201]
Born: 12 Feb 1863at: Bountiful, Davis, Utah, United States
Died: 27 Dec 1957at: Ogden, Weber, Utah, United States
Spouses:

Name: Charles Nathan Tolman [11202] [11203]
Born: 18 Jun 1865at: Bountiful, Davis, Utah, United States
Died: 4 Mar 1919at:
Spouses:

Name: Sarah Elvira Tolman [11204] [11205]
Born: 29 Mar 1868at: Bountiful, Davis, Utah, United States
Died: 1887at:
Spouses:

Name: Samuel Hardy Tolman [11198] [11199]
Born: 17 Sep 1858at: Deseret Co., Utah, USA
Died: 31 Mar 1927at:
Spouses:


Pedigree Chart for: Judson Adonirum Tolman Sr.

      /--William  Tolman 
   /--Reuben  Tolman 
   |  \--Elizabeth (Betty)  Snow 
/--Nathan  Tolman 
|  |  /--John  McCarter 
|  \--Margaret  McCarter 
|     \--Martha   
|--Judson Adonirum  Tolman  Sr.
|     /--John  Hewett Hewitt 
|  /--William  Hewitt 
|  |  \-- Orreon 
\--Sarah  Hewett 
   |  /--John  Hewett Hewitt 
   \--Sarah  King 
      \--Sarah  Taylor 

Pedigree Chart for: Sophia Merrell

      /--Benjamin  Merrell 
   /--Eli  Merrell 
   |  \--Penelope  Merrell 
/--Charles  Merrell 
|  |  /--
|  \--Nancy  McCrary 
|     \--Nancy  Merrell 
|--Sophia  Merrell 
|     /--Joseph  Fenley 
|  /--John  Fenley 
|  |  \--
\--Sarah  Fenley 
   |  /--Joseph  Fenley 
   \--Mary Ann 'Polly'  Bozorth 
      \--Sarah  Shaw 

[10143] Judson's middle name is listed also as Adnyrum, Adoniran, and J. A. Senior. It is believed he took it upon himself as an adult. Sources for this family are kept in the records of the Thomas Tolman Family Organization, 2937 South Orchard Dr., Bountiful, Utah 84010. They are extensive, thus not listed here.
See also the book "Judson Tolman; Pioneer, Lumberman, Patriarch," written by E. Dennis Tolman, published in 1995 by Family History Publishers, 845 South Main Street, Bountiful, Utah 84010.

[10925] Sealed to Judson A. Tolman 5 Feb 1856, cancelled 10 Sep 1869.

Her parents were Charles Merrell and Sarah Fenley.

She later married Garrett Hopkins Wolverton on 16 Feb 1874,
and then Louis DeMarr in 1885.

[11200] Esther married
#2 Oren Bates 22 Aug 1917
#3 Charles Barber 12 May 1931.

[11202] Charles married #2 Minnie Evangeline Murphy 24 May 1908.

[11204] Sarah married #2 Louis DeMarr in 1885

[11198] Samuel H. never married.

@1 [10144] [S44]

@1 [10926] [S44]

@1 [11201] [S44]

@1 [11203] [S44]

@1 [11205] [S44]

@1 [11199] [S44]

Perrigrine Sessions / Lucina Call

Husband: Perrigrine Sessions
Born: 15 Jun 1814at: Newry, Oxford, Maine, USA, Usa
Married: 28 Jun 1845at: Nauvoo,Hancock,Illinois, USA
Died: 3 Jun 1893at: Bountiful, Davis, Utah, USA, Usa
Father: David Sessions
Mother: Patty Bartlett
Sources: [10180]
Wife: Lucina Call
Born: 29 Sep 1819at: Mentor, Geauga, Ohio
Died: 29 Jun 1904at: Bountiful, Davis, Utah, United States
Father: Cyril Call
Mother: Sally (or Sarah) Tiffany
Sources: [10475]
Children

Pedigree Chart for: Perrigrine Sessions

      /--David  Sessions 
   /--David  Sessions 
   |  \--Mary  Lancksford 
/--David  Sessions 
|  |  /--Ebenezer  Stevens 
|  \--Rachel  Stevens 
|     \--Esther   
|--Perrigrine   Sessions 
|     /--Ebenezer  Bartlett 
|  /--Enoch  Bartlett 
|  |  \--Ann  Clark (Clarke) 
\--Patty  Bartlett 
   |  /--Ebenezer  Bartlett 
   \--Anna  Hall 
      \--Noamah (Emma)  York 

Pedigree Chart for: Lucina Call

      /--Samuel  Call 
   /--Joseph  Call 
   |  \--Abigail  Sprague 
/--Cyril  Call 
|  |  /--Benjamin  Sanderson 
|  \--Mary  Sanderson 
|     \--Elizabeth  Green 
|--Lucina  Call 
|     /--
|  /--Christopher  Tiffany 
|  |  \--
\--Sally (or Sarah)  Tiffany 
   |  /--
   \--Rebecca  Ellis 
      \--Zilpha  Hammond 

@1 [10180] [S44]

@1 [10475] [S44]

Robert Boggs Zimmerman / Susan Philenia Seely

Husband: Robert Boggs Zimmerman
Born: 5 Oct 1811[10560] [10561] [10562] at: Centre County, Pennsylvania, USA
Married: 25 Dec 1838at: Farmington, Sangamon County, Illinois, USA
Died: 12 May 1894[10563] [10565] [10566] at: Springfield, Sangamon, Illinois, United States
Father:
Mother:
Notes: [10571]
Sources: [10569] [10570] [10560] [10561] [10562] [10563] [10565] [10566] [10567] [10568] [10572] [10573] [10574] [10575] [10576] [10577] [10578] [10579]
Wife: Susan Philenia Seely
Born: 8 Aug 1818[10324] [10325] at: Madrid, St. Lawernce County, New York, USA
Died: 30 Oct 1840[10326] [10327] at: Springfield, Sangamon, Illinois, United States
Father:
Mother:
Notes: [10328]
Sources: [10324] [10325] [10326] [10327] [10329] [10330] [10331] [10332] [10333]
Children
Name: Susan Louise Zimmerman [11181] [11180] [11173] [11174] [11175] [11176] [11177] [11178] [11179] [11182] [11183] [11184] [11185] [11186] [11187] [11188] [11189]
Born: 17 Apr 1840[11173] [11174] [11175] [11176] [11177] at: Springfield, Sangamon, Illinois, United States
Married: at:  
Died: 18 Jun 1927[11178] [11179] at: Springfield, Sangamon, Illinois, United States
Spouses: Eugene L. Gross


Pedigree Chart for: Robert Boggs Zimmerman

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Robert Boggs  Zimmerman 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Susan Philenia Seely

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Susan Philenia  Seely 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

[10571] Searched WFT vols. 1-42, no hits. Searched Pres & F&P no hits.

Robert Boggs Zimmerman was born on October 5th, 1811 in Centre County, Pennsylvania. As a young man he moved from Pennsylvania to Elmira, New York and learned the trade of painter and chair maker. In the summer of1835 Robert started west with his eyes set on the prairies of Illinois. He traveled by stage, but while in Terre Haute, Indiana he missed his connection. Instead of waiting in Terre Haute for the next stage, Robert and two others started on foot. Upon arriving at the Okaw River in Illinois, they found a company of emigrants from Tennessee. The company of approximately 200-300 hundred people numbered 100 hundred wagons, the men of the company were constructing a bridge for the teams to cross. Robert and his friends helped build the bridge and remained with the wagon train. On November 18th, 1835 the emigrants reached its destination in Springfield, Illinois.

From the moment Robert settled in Springfield, he proved to have a nose for business. He first entered into business with Mr. Powell & Mr. Phelps and then with a man by the name of John A. Mason. Finally in1841, Robert established a partnership with Alexander P. Williard that lasted 24 years until Williard's death in 1865. After the death of Williard, Zimmerman was in business primarily by himself. He owned a paint/hardware store and was one of the most sought after house builders in Sangamon County. According to the United States Census of 1870, Zimmerman's personal wealth exceeded $28,000, which was a considerable estate for that time period.

Zimmerman came to Springfield as a chair maker, but his skill as a carpenter and woodsman made him a true craftsman. Robert's pieces were sought out by people from all over central Illinois. One of his first customers was William Butler*. Like Zimmerman, Butler was one of Springfield's first settlers and was likewise very successful. Zimmerman custom built most of the Butler family furniture. Little did the two men know that their grandchildren would make them in-laws. It is because of that fact that many of the Zimmerman/Butler pieces are still in the family today, the most famous of which is the grandfather clock which is displayed in home of Susan Butler-Crawford **.

Robert married Susan Philenia Seeley in her hometown of Farmington on Christmas Day, 1838. They had one child, Susan Louise who was born on April 17, 1840. After two years of marriage, Susan Philenia died on October 30, 1840. She was only 22 years old. At just 6 months of age, Susan Louise was without a mother. Robert must have felt almost helpless having to raise a young child by himself, but somehow he managed. Finally in the fall of 1845 Robert met and married Mary C. Townsend. Mary and Susan Louise readily accepted one another. Robert & Mary became very active in the community of Springfield. They were lifelong members and generous contributors of the Second Presbyterian Church. During the War of Rebellion, Mary was a proud member of the "Ladies Aid Society, "which worked tirelessly for the Union War effort. Robert & Mary had two children, which died in infancy, but were blessed with the adoption of little girl named Lizzie.

In the late 1849 a group of Portuguese refugees fleeing across the United States on their way to California, stopped in Springfield to camp for the winter. During their stay, sickness broke out among the refugees. Several people in the party died including the parents of a three-month baby girl. With no hesitation, the Zimmermans took the baby into their heart and adopted her as their own. The little girl was named Lizzie.

Both of Robert's girls grew up to marry prominent men. In 1860, Susan Louise married Eugene Gross, also of Springfield. Eugene was an attorney and owned a law practice with his brother William Gross. The practice was very successful and the brothers wrote a series of law-books which only enhanced the reputation of their practice***. Lizzie married Martin Smith in 1875. Not much is known about Martin other than he was an Officer in the United States Army and that he supposedly came from a wealthy family.

In 1874, tragedy struck the Zimmerman & Gross family, when Eugene died leaving Susan Louise with four children and no means to support them. Immediately after Eugene's death, Robert, with the help of Mary, stepped into the household and became its mainstay. Robert helped with the things around the house that a husband would ordinarily do and provided a positive male influence that the children needed. He also provided the family with some financial help, until Susan Louise could get on her feet. Most importantly Robert helped Susan Louise make a new life for herself. Not only did Robert teach his daughter how to keep track of household finances, but he also taught her how to run a business. In time, Susan Louise became an astute businesswoman who was to be become very successful at investing in real estate. Susan Louise learned from her father what must have been extremely difficult, how survive in man's world.

The twilight of Robert Zimmerman's life was spent quietly with his family. When not helping his daughter with her business affairs or spending time with his grandchildren, Robert enjoyed reading and keeping up with local affairs. Although he never ran for a public office, he was an avid member of the Whig Party, and then Republican Party. Robert also found time to be an officer in the Second Presbyterian Church of which he and Mary contributed generously.

On May 12, 1894, Robert Boggs Zimmerman died of old age; he was 82 years old. Robert had lived a remarkable life, he watched the small village of Springfield, which he helped to found, turn into a flourishing city. Most importantly, he created a highly successful business and raised a beautiful family. The greatest tribute ever written about Robert Zimmerman was probably done by Betty Butler-McHenry: "Of all the ancestors I've heard about, Robert B. Zimmerman, my Grandmother Gross's father is the one I would like to have known the most. Not only because of what he did, but also because of the kind of man he was. My mother spoke of him often, calling him "Grampuzimun," running his name together as though it was one word, as she must have done when she was a little girl. Always she spoke of him with the most frank adoration, which was mingled with grief and yearning that Grampuzimun was not still there to stand between her and the world and all the troubles that came to her later in life, as he must have done when she was young and he was living. Undoubtedly, he was a most loving, helpful, generous, understanding and kindly man."

*For information on William Butler refer to bio in FTM
** For more information on the clock refer to "Mr. Lincoln & The Grandfather Clock."
*** For more information on Eugene Gross refer to bio in FTM

[10328] Lived in St. Lawrence County, New York.

Was very active in the Aid-Society durning the Civil War. Visited thefront on many occasions, to make sure that supplies reached those forwhom they were intended. (This was probably Mary Towsend and not Susan)

Searched WFT vols. 1-12, no hits. Searched Pres & F&P no hits.

[11181] Searched WFT vols. 1-12, no hits. Searched Pres & F&P no hits.

Susan was very philanthropic within the Springfield communty. Among theassociations that she endowed in her will were: The WestminsterPresbyterian Church, Washington Street Mission, Young Women's ChristianAssociation, Young Men's Christian Association, Springfield Home for TheFriendless, Springfield Tuberculosis Association and Salvation Army.

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    [10564] Death Certificate - Sangamon County Illinois. Died at 5:10 pm

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Samuel Wright Jr. / Elizabeth Burt

Husband: Samuel Wright Jr.
Born: 1629at: London, England
Married: 24 Nov 1653at: Springfield, Hampden Co., Ma
Died: 2 Sep 1675at: Northfield, Hampshire, Massachusetts, USA
Father: Samuel Wright
Mother: Margaret Stratton
Notes: [11207]
Wife: Elizabeth Burt
Born: 1638at: Haberton, Co. Devon, England
Died: 17 Feb 1691at: Hatfield, Hampshire, Massachusetts, United States
Father: Henry Burt
Mother: Eulalia March
Children
Name: Samuel Wright III
Born: 1654at:
Married: at:  
Died: at:
Spouses: Sarah Lyman

Name: Joseph Wright
Born: 2 Jun 1657at: Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts
Married: at:  
Died: 16 Feb 1696at: Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts
Spouses: Ruth Sheldon


Pedigree Chart for: Samuel Wright Jr.

      /--John  Wright 
   /--John  Wright  Esq.
   |  \--Elizabeth  Lindsell 
/--Samuel  Wright 
|  |  /--
|  \--Martha  Castell 
|     \--
|--Samuel  Wright  Jr.
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--Margaret  Stratton 
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Elizabeth Burt

      /--
   /--Henry  Burt 
   |  \--
/--Henry  Burt 
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Elizabeth  Burt 
|     /--
|  /--Richard  March 
|  |  \--
\--Eulalia  March 
   |  /--
   \--Joan  Martyn 
      \--

[11207] Samuel was brought to America with his parents and lived in Springfield, MA and later Northfield, MA. He was a sergeant and a lieutenant in the militia forces. He was one of the first selectmen of Northfield, MA. He was killed in an Indian attack on the town 2 Sep 1675.

Joseph Nelson Cook / Julia Alnora Dustin

Husband: Joseph Nelson Cook
Born: at:
Married: 14 Dec 1908at: Paris,Bear Lake,Utah, USA
Died: at:
Father:
Mother:
Wife: Julia Alnora Dustin
Born: 18 Nov 1888at: Garden City, Rich, Utah, United States
Died: 5 Nov 1971at: Logan,Cache,Utah, USA
Father: Hyrum Nephi Dustin
Mother: Rebecca Malinda Stevens
Children

Pedigree Chart for: Joseph Nelson Cook

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--Joseph Nelson  Cook 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Julia Alnora Dustin

      /--
   /--Seth   Dustin 
   |  \--
/--Hyrum Nephi  Dustin 
|  |  /--Chauncey  Loveland 
|  \--Hannah Sophia  Loveland 
|     \--Nancy  Graham 
|--Julia Alnora  Dustin 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--Rebecca Malinda  Stevens 
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

James Lee Smith / Gloria Woodfin Justis

Husband: James Lee Smith
Born: at:
Married: at:  
Died: at:
Father:
Mother:
Wife: Gloria Woodfin Justis
Born: at:
Died: at:
Father: Quinton Cobbs Justis
Mother: Lillian Lee May
Children

Pedigree Chart for: James Lee Smith

      /--
   /--
   |  \--
/--
|  |  /--
|  \--
|     \--
|--James Lee  Smith 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--
   |  /--
   \--
      \--

Pedigree Chart for: Gloria Woodfin Justis

      /--William Marshall  Justis  Sr.
   /--Edgar lyle  Justis 
   |  \--Georgia Anna  Sanford 
/--Quinton Cobbs  Justis 
|  |  /--
|  \--Jessie Lucille  Woodfin 
|     \--
|--Gloria Woodfin  Justis 
|     /--
|  /--
|  |  \--
\--Lillian Lee  May 
   |  /--
   \--
      \--


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